Huntington West Virgina History
It served as a home for generations of mountaineers, but also a playground for nature lovers from across the nation.
Cheat Mountain has been part of West Virginia history since the Civil War battle of 1861, when General Robert E. Lee launched the first offensive attack of the war. The state of West Virginia was founded in 1862 because of its orientation towards the Union. After the secession from Virginia, Cabell County voted to remain in the Union, and the city boundaries were expanded from west to east, annexed to Huntington.
Huntington's story is made possible by the efforts of the Huntington Public Library and the West Virginia Historical Society, a 501 (c) (3) (501) (3) (non-profit) nonprofit.
The Ohio River Basin was the site of 1871 engineering districts in Cincinnati, and in 1922 the Huntington District became part of the Cincinnati & Ohio Railroad (C & O) and the Lexington & Big Sandy Railroad. In addition to C & O, the Kentucky and Ohio Railway Company (now Southern Railway) was the first to participate in the construction of the West Virginia, Kentucky, Ohio and Kentucky Railway (W & OHR) in the 1870s and became a subsidiary of C & O. The Lexington and Bigandy Railroad became part of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad in 1901 and also a subsidiary of the C.O.
As a result, Huntington became an industrial hub and in 1930 was the second largest city in the United States with 1.5 million inhabitants. In the 1930s, the number was only 78,836 in 1940, but in 1950 it was the largest number recorded for a West Virginia city. According to Census ACS data, average gross rent in Huntington was $665 in 2019, and median household income in Huntington, W.Va. , is $757. Huntington's average annual per capita income as a percentage of the national average was $5.01 2019, according to the Census and ACS survey.
Huntington remains a railway town, with various companies opening up to the railroad and its workers and patrons. The railroad, like other industries such as coal mining, played an important role in the development of Huntington, West Virginia, as an independent city.
On February 27, 1871, a new city was founded by an act of the West Virginia state legislature, named after its founder, Cabell County. It was named after William H. Cabel (1772 - 1853), who was governor of Virginia from 1805 to 1808 and was located in southwest West Virginia, near the Ohio River. On February 28, 1861, it was incorporated as part of the district in response to the establishment of Kanawha County by the Virginia General Assembly. The law was passed by the Virginia General Assembly in 1864 as part of Kanawsha County, along with a number of other counties.
Huntington's plan was to expand the tracks in West Virginia beyond the existing transportation system. Horses and mules were shipped from Richmond, North Carolina, and so the Kanawha - James River Turnpike, which led from Covington, Virginia, to Big Sandy and still serves as a major national highway, was named Huntington, which was so named because of its proximity to the Ohio River.
The Climax transmission locomotive is said to be one of three steam engines specially developed for the logging industry in West Virginia. In 1869, Huntington acquired a majority stake in C & O, and in 1871 the company was reorganized as the Huntington Railway Company.
Accordingly, the name was changed to Barboursville College in 1889 and passed into the hands of the Southern Methodists of West Virginia. Founded in 1924 by the Pallottine Missionary Sisters, it offers a wide range of inpatient and outpatient services. The journey on the New River Train, which passes through Huntington, has its origins in the early 19th century. In the mid-19th century, three excursions were conducted by a private company based in Elkins, West Virginia, while a fourth was offered to the southern part of our state.
The prestigious museum is one of the top tourist attractions in Huntington, and at the center of each deck is a historic marker sponsored by the West Virginia Historical Society and the Huntington Museum of History and Culture.
For 50 years, railway enthusiasts have been able to relive the glory days with trips on the New River Train beyond the borders of the mountain state. The Cherry Blossom Express leaves Huntington, West Virginia on October 1 and winds through the mountains of Virginia and North Carolina before arriving at Union Station in Washington. October riders can enjoy the beauty of the New River Gorge as the fall foliage reaches its peak.
When railway magnate Collis P. Huntington chose the location for the city that bears his name today, he was looking for a good place to transport passengers and cargo on steamboats that would cross the Ohio River. The next day, when he did not like the reception, Huntington announced that he would not settle his railroad in Guyandotte, but instead build a new city, later called Huntington, west of it and make it his home. These historic houses were built in the early 19th century and transported from Ohio to Huntington by boat.